Archive for June, 2011

TECHNOLOGICAL WAR BETWEEN 2G AND 3G


These days we find new mobile technologies being launched within a regular span of time. The increasing demand of mobile communication has led the mobile technology to a higher position. Within a short period of time, it has reached a higher level. As soon as new technology is introduced the previous one gets outdated. Earlier, when mobile and internet technologies were not much developed, they used 1G. Now we have 2G, 3G and also 4G. These days 3G technology is on the run while 4G is comparatively new in the market.

These days 2G and 3G are used the most. Yet very few know the technological difference between the two. Hence knowing the meaning helps to adopt and use the new technology easily. 2G is the second generation of mobile networks while 3G is the third.

2G NETWORK TECHNOLOGY

2G was first developed in the nation of Finland in 1991. 2G is the shortened form of the second generation of the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM). It was the first attempt at developing technology to bring some kind of standard to the concept of modern digital cellular service. The technology was accepted over the world and hence it grew much faster. By 1998 the number of subscribers reached 200 million. It became very popular due to the easy voice transmission through the handset. In this technology for the first time SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) was introduced and a more secured and clear communication was established.
2G phone authenticates the mobile phone to a person who has a SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) card. In 2G technology, many subscribers are allowed to make calls at a given time. The bandwidth of the channel allocated per user is 200 kHz which is sufficient to carry voice data. Several GSM bands like 850, 900, 1800 and 1900 are available for greater amount of usage. The GSM spectrum bands used in Europe and Asia are 900 and 1800. The spectrum bands used in Canada and the United States are GSM 850 and GSM 1900.

3G NETWORK TECHNOLOGY 

Amongst mobile technologies, 3G is at peak. It is a step ahead of the 2G system. Mobile technology has gone far ahead. Earlier it was used to transfer only voice data. 3G is the mobile standard specification released which supports multimedia. With the advent of 3G, video calling, stream audio and video and video conferencing have now become common. The first commercial 3G network was launched in 2001 in Japan. The data rates for the 3G are a minimum of 2Mbps for stationary mobile users and 384Kbps for moving subscribers in downlink.
In order for a network to be classified as being 3G, it has to meet certain conditions. These conditions have been laid down by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

1. The data transfer rate for downlinks must be 144Kbps for mobile handsets
2. The data transfer rate for downlinks must be 384Kbps for pedestrians
3. The data transfer rate for downlinks must be 24Mbps in an indoor environment

2G vs. 3G

In a way, 3G is a step ahead of 2G and provides better results. When you use 3G you get a high speed network communication which is far better than 2G. One can also have the benefit of wireless broadband. You can have an access to video or satellite based programmes. When it comes to price war, it is comparatively cheaper than the other traditional media that we are using. 3G is a multipurpose technology. Many services are available in the same network and hence it is less time consuming.

3G has a huge effect on the companies who are unable to get 3G license. Companies having 2G facility only will lose their customers which will have a heavy effect on their business. Moreover, it provides wireless broadband facility. The radiation of magnetic waves generated with the heavy use of wireless system negatively affects human body. A long use of can affect the brains to a great extent.

3G has been used in Japan for years and then it got spread in the entire world. A person, who moves around the globe and has a 3G phone, will not have to change the phone as 3G facilities are found in many countries. However, 3G phones also provide high amount of security as compared to 2G networks. 3G networks allow authentication procedures when communicating with the devices.

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STRESS AND STOMACH MESS


Life is moving at a rapid pace. It is full of demands, hassles, deadlines and frustration. At such a point of time one suffers from stress. Stress is not always bad. Small doses help in performing the task better and finish it in time with efficiency. But the current world is moving very fast where one has to run all the time which leads to building of continuous stress. Stress beyond a certain level has many side effects. It affects your heart, your efficiency, your confidence and many more. It might sound strange but the fact is that stress also has a direct effect on your digestive system. It should be noted that people undergoing continuous stress also suffer from stomach disorders.

When we have to give a presentation or an exam or rush here and there our body does not think much about the food. If this is repeated, one enters a cycle of having irregular food habits. This leads to disruption in the functioning of the stomach and the intestine. Stress can cause some types of ulcers, constipation, over secretion of stomach acids, diarrhea, can wear your stomach lining down and can damage your esophagus. Stress can also cause the gastrointestinal system to inflame. This increases susceptibility to infection. Almost all students feel the urge to visit the bathroom before the start of their examinations which is due to stress. Digestion problems and stress go hand in hand.

WAYS TO KILL STRESS

Relaxation:
Yoga, meditation, self hypnosis, progressive muscle relaxation or to some extent music help to ease the level of stress which in turn improve digestion. A well-conducted study showed that individuals suffering from irritable bowel syndrome were relieved from pain, sense of bloating, and diarrhea by practicing a technique known as Relaxation Response. A fellow researcher at Harvard Medical School has developed this technique.

Correct breathing:
We might feel that what is there to learn when it comes to breath. But normally we do not adopt the correct breathing techniques hence we need to learn proper breathing systems. Proper breathing calms every system in the body including over activity of the digestive system.

Adopt stress management techniques: 
Nothing is as important as your health. Give 15-20 minutes to yourself in order to relax properly. Several books and CDs teaching stress management are available in the market. Follow the one that suits you the best. The more you learn to relax the easier it becomes. If you learn to let go stress it will have an enormous effect on your digestive system.

Exercise:

Exercise is one of the best ways to relax your body. The good old technique has magical effects. It helps the body to get rid of body tensions, thoughts and feelings in an effective manner. Many of us do not like to exercise regularly; some even start up with exercising but do not make it a habit. In such cases, one can also adopt some activity like gardening or adopt some sports. By doing so the mind gets diverted towards the activity of our interest and hence releases the level of stress. This also helps to ease the tensed stomach.

Food habits: 
Most of the times we skip meals when we are a captive of stress. Skipping meals is a strict no for proper digestion. Moreover, having three heavy meals lead to indigestion so it is better to have three to 4 small meals. By doing so the food intake will not be reduced but it will lessen the load on your digestive system. Under stress, people also tend to eat fast which should be corrected. It should also be noted that one should not lie down and relax immediately after having lunch or dinner. Dinner specifically should be taken hours before going to bed. Moreover, it is a bad idea to have food while lying down. Staying in a vertical position for 30 mins after the meal will aid heartburn, burping, and constipation. Do not resort to junk food or sugary food in a hurry. Some have a habit of consuming tea and coffee when under stress. This is not at all a good sign and affects the stomach.

Positive thinking:
Anger, sadness and the negative expressions have an impact on the digestive system. Hence it is best to avoid people who talk negative and think negative, especially while having meal. It is necessary to have your food in peace away from all worries. If you are having your meal alone then you can light a candle and enjoy the meal at ease. Having your meal happily and peacefully helps you to resolve the digestive problems quickly.

Apart from these, there are several ways to move away from high stress levels. It is necessary to have a little amount of stress that helps increasing your productivity. As and when you practice to move away from stress, you will find your own stress busters. If you suffer from stomach problems do not think that it is just due to indigestion but study your stress levels and start acting upon them.

THE SILVER SCREENS OF GUJARAT


Gujarat is a state which is known all over the world for tourism. Like few places in the world, it is proud of the tall mountains, valleys, water resources, forests, wildlife, desert, palaces, temples and many cultural and diverse places. Gujarat has a rich history and many rulers have touched the throne of Gujarat, hence it is also known for its majestic beauty. Due to the geographical and historical location, Gujarat has been a favorable place for shooting. It attracts film makers, documentary makers and at times even advertisements are shot in the state. These locations have acquired fame and are thronged by tourists round the year.

VIJAY VILAS PALACE

We often get to see this majestic palace in Bollywood films. Vijay Vilas Palace situated at Mandvi was built in 1929 by Vijayrajji. The grand structure is made in Rajput style using red sandstones adding beauty to the monument. The main central dome, bastions, Bengal domes and color glass windows catch the eye of every visitor. The entire lush green surrounding can be observed from the top balcony of the palace. Bolywood blockbusters like ‘Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam’ and ‘Lagaan’ are shot here.
Mandvi also has one of the most beautiful beaches in India. Mandvi has a well maintained private beach situated along the palace. Many picturesque villages are situated nearby the palace which can be an appropriate site for a village seen.

GONDAL

Gondal has been a famous location for feature films, fashion shoots, TV serials and Gujarati films. Gujarat is one of the few towns of Gujarat that hold the real cultural heritage of the Rajput kings and the early rulers of Gujarat. Once the capital of a princely state, it was run by the Jadeja Rajputs, later overtaken by the Mughals and again recovered by the original rulers. It is a fortified town located on the river Gondali after which it was named. It was known as a model state of Saurashtra in late 19th and early 20th century.

The town offers a variety of heritage locations for various shoots. The Darbargadh or old palace complex, with its medieval walls and 1740s Naulakha Palace, is ideal for period films and Indian heritage fashion shoots. Riverside palace built by Maharaja Bhagwat Sinhji in 1875 is a famous landmark of the town. The interiors are beautifully decorated with enchanting artwork and the furnishings are one of their kind. The Oxford Palace or the Huzoor Palace is a magnificent palace surrounded by gardens of fruit bearing trees.

The Orchard Palace of the erstwhile Maharajas of Gondal is very famous for film shoots. It has now been converted into a heritage hotel. Many scenes of the bollywood blockbuster ‘Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam’ have been shot here. The scene in which Ajay Devgan pulls Aishwarya Rai down a flight of carpeted steps where the actress disturbs the antique wooden table and brass artifacts on the way to the entrance, feature few portions of the grand palace. The palace contains beautiful interiors that show a glimpse of both the British and the Indian culture. The ‘room of miniatures’ is a splendid sitting room with a collection of miniature paintings, brass, and antique furniture. The erstwhile princely family has a huge fleet of vintage and classic cars besides horse drawn carriages and rail saloons. An extensive collection of vintage and classic cars including a 1935 Mercedes, 1955 Cadillac limousine, sports cars from the 1950s and 1960s like the Mercedes 300 SL, Jaguar XK 150 and Chevrolet Camaro, a fleet of four-wheel drive vehicles from the World War II and post-war period and some contemporary sports cars can be seen.


WADHWAN

Rajmahal Palace in Wadhwan is situated in Surendranagar district of Gujarat. The huge palace is spread over an area of fourteen acres. The palace was built in the 19th century by H.H. Bal Sinhji. The most peculiar area of the palace is the Darbar hall with beautifully painted ceiling. The hall contains the royal throne and some portraits. Beautiful murals, rich velvet tapestries, huge chandeliers and antique furniture give it an imperial touch. In the pillared courtyard of the palace, the marble statues draw attention of the guests.
The palace has now been converted into a heritage hotel. The famous fashion feature ‘Lily takes a trip’ by Vogue was shot here in 2005. The famous photograph of a model standing on a spiral staircase with a long hanging gown is the part of this palace. Other historic buildings of Wadhwan include the Darbargadh fort, the Hawa Mahal, Ranakdevi temple and step well.

LITTLE RANN OF KUTCH

It is a delight to see vast open barren land spread kilometers together. The dessert looks splendid in moonlight. It is an extremely popular site for advertisement films, especially advertisements featuring cars and tyres. The advertisements of Tata Safari, Hero Honda and MRF Tyres are a few ads shot here. It also proves to be an exotic location for fashion advertisements and fashion photography. Shoots of Jade Blue’s shirts and Deepkala sarees for their editorial advertisements and hoardings also happened in the Little Rann of Kutch.
Besides the desert area, Rann of Kutch is also known for lakes filled with colorful birds. It also contains wild ass sanctuary and some beautiful traditional villages nearby. All these are a good location for shoots. The Wild Ass Sanctuary in the Little Rann of Kutch has also been featured in the documentaries of BBC, National Geographic, Partridge Films, etc for its variety of wildlife.

BALARAM 

Balaram is situated near Palanpur. It is surrounded by lush green forests. Built around 1922-1936,it was a hunting retreat of Lohani Nawab of Palanpur. The area is spread in 13 acres on a hilly region. The palace is surrounded by lush green gardens having colorful flower beds. The palace is a graceful manifestation of neo classical and ornate architectural style. It is situated near the border of Rajasthan. Many villages, hills and rivers form a beautiful location for film shoots.
Balaram Palace has been a spot for feature films, ad films and TV serials. It is extremely popular for TV serials. Suryavanshi starring Amitabh was filmed in Balaram, which has many attractive locations like the palace, Chitrasani river, Jessore Hill and nearby villages. Now the palace has been converted into a resort.

RAJPIPLA

Rajpipla is a major city of the Narmada district in South Gujarat. Rajpipla is known for its grandeur as it contains beautiful palaces and grand ancient buildings. It is a famous location for the shooting of Gujarati and Bhojpuri films. Gujarati films are shot here since 1971; hence few also call it Gollywood. Now many Bhojpuri films are also shot here. The ‘Ab to Banya Sajanya Hamra’featuring Saira Banu and the first ever cross border Bhojpuri film Saiyyan Chitchor are a few amongst the movies filmed at Rajpipla. The location is often seen in TV programmes and serials.
Rajvant Palace Resort situated into Vijay Palace is most famous for shoots. The palace was built by Maharaja Chhatra Sinhji in 1910. The palace is surrounded by gardens and it has the view of the river from the rear. The drawing room has retained its original character with European settees and elegant tables. The pillars, Gothic arches and European domes are worth a watch. A number of old and new decorative objects and in brass, marble and ceramics decorate the hall. The other impressive palatial building of Rajpipla are the Vadia Palace called Gujarat’s Taj Mahal because of its magnificent architecture ,the Natvar Nivas which has beautiful murals and other works of art inside, and many others.

……….and the pen was made silent


The greatest weapon of a reporter is his pen. It is a journalist who brings out many hidden truths and helps in the welfare of the society. The pen of a reporter brings out the unknown facts in front of the people. Hence it is rightly said that a pen is mightier than the sword. But since a decade, journalists are being attacked as they hamper the activities of the wrong doers.
Once again the deliverer of truth was laid on death bed. On June 10, Saturday, a senior journalist, Jyoti Dey (56) of Mid Day, an English Daily was shot dead by motorcycle born shooters in Mumbai. He covered underworld and crime stories for over two decades. He was the head of the crime bureau of the newspaper. Just like every reporter Jyoti was on field when, four unidentified bike-borne persons fired five bullets on Jyoti. In broad daylight he was shot in Hiranandani area of Powai. According to postmortem report, he was shot from close range with five bullets on the left side of his chest and one on his right shoulder. Out of total five, Dey’s body had four exit wounds. He was rushed to Powai Hospital and later at Hiranandani hospital where he was declared dead.

Dey was cremated on Sunday at Ghatkopar. It rained heavily on that day and 200 of his friends and colleagues thronged his place to bid last good bye to their beloved friend. Every auto driver knew where to go the moment someone said Amrut Nagar. Maharashtra PWD Minister Chhagan Bhujbal and a large number of media persons also had turned up to pay their last respect to the senior journalist.
Just a day after the attack, Maharashtra Chief Minister, Prithviraj Chavan called an emergency meeting and asked the police to probe into the case and book the culprits at the earliest. The police have not come up with any names so far but are suspecting oil mafias as the journalist had covered a lot about them. Dey has also written a lot about Dawood Ibrahim, Chhota Shakeel, Chhota Rajan and others for a long time. Moreover, four teams have been formed by the Crime Branch to look into the matter.

Are journalists really safe?

Are you a journalist? A crime journalist? If yes, then be caredul while doing your stories as negative stories may have negative effects. Since a decade throughout the world, journalists are being attacked. India has also seen the journalist killings since long with Dey’s murder being an add on. Recently ‘Impunity Index’ was prepared by an international media watchdog on the basis of unsolved murder cases. The index includes countries with five or more journalist murder unsolved cases. Thirteen countries have been involved considering a period between 1st January 2001 to 31st December 2010. Cases were considered unsolved when no inferences were made. Murders make up more than 70 per cent of work related deaths among journalists across the world, according to CPJ.

India is at the 13th spot with seven such instances, or 0.006 unsolved journalist murders per one million inhabitants. The index is calculated as per each country’s population. Iraq tops the chart with 92 unsolved cases but it does not include cases where journalists were killed in a combat or while carrying out dangerous assignments like covering street protests. Philippines ranks second in terms of the number of unsolved cases being 56. When compared with the overall population of the country, Iraq remains at top followed by Somalia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Colombia. Pakistan and Bangladesh are on the 10th and 11th position respectively. Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Nepal and India are also included in the list.

Is India really free and safe?

Media is like a backbone of the society. It brings good deeds and misdoings in front of the society. It provides the details which the common man would never have known otherwise. The crime reporters especially put their life at risk in order to show the true side to the people.

The attack on Jyoti Dey has drawn a line of caution on every reporter. The incident poses a question that is India really safe? These days’ journalists are shot in broad daylight. Does Dey’s incident point a finger on the security of a common man? Do journalists require proper protection? Is there any underworld or political agenda attached to these killings?

Fearless people who bring truth in front of the society are being killed for spreading truthfulness. The incident has brought forward the issues of governance, law and order and the security prevailing in the country.

ZOOMING INTO THE CAMERA LENSES


 

Photography has become a hobby. These days we find many people with a camera. If not a separate camera, we find people clicking from their mobile phones. The main feature of the camera is zooming. Basically there are two types of lenses which are used for zooming an image: optical lens and digital lens. These days we find cameras having both digital and optical zoom which confuses the user. Hence a proper understanding of both the types of zoom is necessary for better results.

OPTICAL ZOOM

Optical zoom uses the lens of the camera to bring the image closer. Using the optical lens of the camera, the image is brought nearer, the same way as done by the binocular. As the lens moves towards the image to make it closer, the resolution remains the same as pixels do not get stretched. Moreover, full resolution of the camera can be used on the zoomed image. There are different zoom levels in the camera which can be used as per the requirement of the user. Different levels can be achieved by changing the distance between the two lenses. We have often seen the front lens of the camera moving outwards, this is done so that the lens can achieve a greater level of zoom. The rating of optical zoom on a camera is measured like 2x 4x 8x etc bringing the image 2x 4x and 8x closer respectively. The best cameras have a high level of optical zoom. Optical zoom is known as the true zoom.

DIGITAL ZOOM

Digital zoom is not the actual zoom but it is just a gimmick invented by the manufacturers. It is not a real zoom as it does not bring the image closer to the lens. The lens does not move forward in order to get a nearer view of the image. What a digital zoom does is that it takes the portion of the image and enlarges the image. Hence it appears to be closer but actually, the image has not been brought closer but it has just been expanded by the lens. By doing so, the pixels of the picture get stretched and hence quality suffers in a digital zoom. It is just like bring a picture nearer on your computer screen.

It would make no difference whether you use a digital zoom or you take a normal picture and then enlarge the image at home. Hence, in a way there is not point using a digital zoom if we really want to bring an object closer as it is not a real zoom.

WHICH OF THE TWO IS BETTER?

When it comes to buying a camera then it is important to take the zoom lens into consideration. Comparing digital zoom is a little bit of a waste of time as you can alter the amount of digital zoom in any major art package after the photo has been taken very easily. It is not a true zoom.

The only thing where you really need to compare is the optical lens of one camera with the optical lens of the other camera. The more the optical zoom available in a camera, more will be its price. Moreover, one needs to be careful even while choosing an optical lens. One should check whether it the zoom they are offering is total zoom. Sometimes, the manufactures say that the camera contains 30x zoom. But the camera has 5x optical and 6 x digital zoom or 2x optical zoom and 15x digital zoom. Hence undergo a full research about the features of the camera before you choose to buy one, especially the zooming lens.

HAVE FRUITFUL HEALTH SOLUTION THIS SUMMER


 

Most of us look for the golden yellow fruit during summers. The only reason why people like summer is due to Mangoes. Mango is fruit that tickles tongues, a fruit well known over the world, a fruit that attracts the eye balls, a fruit that tastes great in any form. A variety of delicacies are made from raw and ripe mangoes. No wonder it is the king of fruits.

Mango is the national fruit of India. It is believed to have been first cultivated as early as 2000 BCE. Portuguese explorers introduced it into Africa and Brazil in the 16th century. The demand of mangoes grew strong and hence even Hawaii and Florida started cultivating it by the 19th century. All parts of mango are used for consumption.

Mango is well known not only for its taste but also for the pool of nutrients present into it. It is one of the healthiest fruits. Hence we prefer to include mangoes into our summer diet.  Mangoes are believed to be fattening but considering the other benefits, this characteristic can be ignored.

Mango is rich in Vitamin C and Vitamin A. It also has traces of Vitamin E, Vitamin B and Vitamin K. Ripe mangoes are rich in vitamin A while raw mangoes have Vitamin C in abundance. Vitamin A, also known as beta carotene is an antioxidant that helps in fighting certain cancers. Vitamin A is good for a clear eye sight. Eating mangoes regularly prevents night blindness, refractive errors, dryness of the eyes, softening of the cornea and itching & burning in the eyes. Mangoes prevent heart diseases. It has a good supply of potassium which helps in replenishing energy after heavy physical activity. 

The yellow fruit contains a large amount of fiber. It has almost 40% of your daily fiber intake. This helps to lower serum cholesterol levels specifically Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol. Fiber is also good for digestion and thus mangoes keep you away from constipation. However, Eating one or two small tender mangoes in which the seed is not fully formed with salt and honey is found to be very effective medicine for summer diarrhoea,dysentery, piles, morning sickness, chronic dyspepsia and indigestion. Unripe and steamed mango juice mixed with jeera, rock salt and sugar help in releasing body heat.

The first thing that we worry during the summer season is the skin. We apply all kinds of creams and sun blocks that protect the skin. But, there is a natural way of taking care about our skin. Acne is caused due to blocked pores. Applying mango pulp for 10 minutes on your face really helps. Moreover, eating mango makes the complexion fair and keeps the skin soft and glowing.

It is quite surprising that the leaves of a sweet fruit like mango helps in lowering the insulin levels. For diabetes patients few boiled mango leaves soaked overnight proves to be a great homemade remedy. Apart from this, the fruit also has a high amount of iron content. Iron is necessary for pregnant women and people suffering from anemia. Women after menopause become weak and hence should consume mangoes in order to remove iron deficiency.

When the season is pouring the wonderful fruit in abundance, children should be fed with it daily. They help in maintaining concentration and increase memory power. Moreover, for those who want to gain weight what else can be the easiest and tastiest way apart from eating mangoes. Mangoes are high in calories. A 100 gm of mango contains around 75 calories. Raw mangoes contain starch that gets converted into sugar once it gets ripen. If you want to gain weight than have a glass of milk and add mangoes to it. Savor the summer with appetizing sweet mangoes and tangy raw mango coolers.

BEAUTY OF THE BARREN LAND


Places having mountains, valleys, beaches, culture and heritage, excavations, glaciers etc. get famous throughout the world. Apart from these places having tourists round the year, there is a place away from water and greenery and yet cocooned in its own beauty. Yes, it is the desert. Along with varied wildlife, beautiful beaches, mountains and shrine Gujarat is also blessed with the rare beauty of the deserts.

Little Rann of Kutch is situated about 93 kms from Ahmedabad. It lies in Gujarat along Pakistan border. The demography of the Little Rann of Kutch comprises of saline desert plains, grassland, scrubs, lakes and marshes. It is a geographically unique landscape that was once an arm of the Arabian Sea. As the land separated from the sea by geological forces, it became a vast, featureless plain encrusted with salt that is inundated with water during the rains. The land with beautiful sand carpet offers wildlife viewing opportunities, colorful villages, safaris and lakes. It is a unique place on earth with an unending possibility of exploration. It provides varied sites that become a part of an unforgettable experience.

HOME TO THE ENDANGERED

Little Rann of Kutch harbors the last population of Asiatic Wild Ass. The sanctuary was established in 1972 and is known for its herds of the wild ass (Gudkhar). The brown creatures are not found anywhere else in India. Around 3000 wild ass live in this region and most of the time they are spotted in herds, especially during the breeding season. Apart from wild ass, the sanctuary is also a home to 32 animal species. The elegant blackbuck, nilgai, graceful chinkara, jungle cat, fox, wolf and many more species of animals can be spotted in the safari.

The place become a paradise for bird watchers during winters. Houbara bustard, sandgrouse, desert chat, desert wheatear, nine species of larks, quails, gray francolin etc are seen in the saline desert wilderness. One can also have the pleasure of watching Eagles, vultures, harriers and falcons hunt their prey. Thought a desert, there are small lakes surrounding the region like Nawa Talao and Vanod Saran. Flocks of water birds are found in this region like Flamingoes, pelicans, cranes, storks, ducks etc.

The Sanctuary has three main access points: Dhrangadhra, Range Bajana, and Range Aadeshwar. If you are planning to visit it during winter, Range Bajana is the best place as you can get closest to the migratory bird from this point. Whereas, Dhangadhra being a bigger town will provide easy transportation and accommodation facilities.

Exploring nearby villages is a good option apart from the sanctuary as the place is a home to tribal groups. The traditionally built houses, paintings and dresses fill color to the beautiful picture of the desert. The Rabari and Jath women embark various tattoos; wear large beaded necklaces, ornamental jewellery made from lead, white metal, iron and silver.

Zinjuwada, bang on the edge of the Rann, has an old, 11th century fort built during the Solanki era and houses one of the area’s largest salt works. On your way to or from the Rann, you can visit the glorious Sun Temple at Modhera and enjoy the delicately carved stone walls. There are some other national parks in the region including the Marine National Park and Nal Sarovar Park, which are rich in flora and fauna and are really worth a visit.

ACCOMODATION 

You will get many government guest houses. At few places you can also opt for the traditionally build huts and have a feel of the culture of the tribals.